It is a disease caused by bacteria called Salmonella.
Salmonellae as its effects are classified into three types:
-Salmonella Typhi, which causes typhoid fever.
-Salmonella enteritidis, which is comprised of more than 2000 serotypes and each has an additional name.
Salmonellosis can manifest itself in five different ways that can occur in isolation or superimposed, these are asymptomatic carriers, ie without symptoms, as an intestinal infection or gastroenteritis and enteric fever known as typhoid as a blood infection it can be very serious, known as bacteremia or focal infections that are being meningitis, osteomyelitis or abscesses.
Salmonellosis is caused by toxins also may be present in some plants, fungi, fish or shellfish, or improperly canned foods.
It usually affects the intestines and occasionally pass into the bloodstream and is one of the most common causes of gastroenteritis, the highest incidence in the warmer months.
This disease can affect anyone, but is most common in infants and young children.
Is acquired through food or water contaminated with fecal matter, as well as contact with sick people or animals.
Symptoms usually appear between 6 to 48 hours after eating contaminated food and usually the discomfort usually lasts from 1 to 4 days. Some types can be very dangerous as it causes typhoid fever.
Symptoms of the disease are:
– Mild diarrhea or persistent.
– High fever.
– Nausea and vomiting in some cases.
– Abdominal pain.
– General discomfort.
In pregnant women who contract the bacteria, the pains are usually very strong and they can transmit the infection to her baby, who may develop diarrhea, fever and in some cases, fortunately few, meningitis.
Foods that are contaminated with Salmonella, are: meat raw or undercooked, unpasteurized milk and milk products derived from it, raw eggs or undercooked chicken meat, alfalfa and strawberries sprinkled with water blacks.
Other sources of infection can be infected pets such as turtles, chickens, dogs and cats.