Neurological complications of HIV patients

Neurological complications of HIV patients

The expert in infectious diseases IMSS in Jalisco, Guerrero Eduardo Echegaray, reported that several neurological complications from infections, make some clinical data in patients with HIV.

The holder of such service in the Hospital of the IMSS in the state noted that among these complications include: dementia, gait disturbance, headache (headache) and loss of mobility similar to that which occurs as a sequel embolism.

He noted that it is neurological complications? Most of which are infectious as tuberculous meningitis, cerebral toxoplasmosis and cryptococcosis, among the most frequent?.

He said that while HIV itself acts directly on cells that nourish and support neurons, there are complications that are located within the so-called opportunistic infections.

He said that they occur when the patient has very low counts in the cells responsible for the body’s defense (lymphocytes), especially the CD-4.

? Have seen some degree cerebral atrophy in young people not seen before, that is, 70 years in brains of 40 people, which means degeneration of this important organ?, He said.

He explained that this brain degeneration, manifested with early dementia, behavioral disturbances, lack of interest in relationships, for grooming, to work and?’s Forgetfulness?.

He said such neurological complications in people with HIV, usually has its peak presentation in the range of 30 to 50 years.

He mentioned that when the origin of the cerebral condition is infectious, there is another type of demonstrations, as described above, but especially fever.

• When the patient arrives, usually at the emergency room with headache, fever, altered state of consciousness, we must make a CT and even clinical analysis of cerebrospinal fluid level to determine the origin of the infection? Said.

In turn, the researcher Biomedical Research Center of the West (CIBO) IMSS Jalisco, Eduardo Vazquez Valls stressed that due to the new treatment and a greater attachment to it by patients, such complications are becoming less frequent (between 5 and 10%).

Commented that maintain immune appropriate? What is achieved with a strict adherence to treatment, ostensibly low risk of opportunistic infections, including those that occur in the brain?.

He said that an infection of the central nervous system, can leave permanent sequelae,? Impact of toxoplasmosis are comparable to leaving a stroke, ie, limited motion?.

He noted that in the case of meningeal tuberculosis and cryptococcosis, the patient may be left with loss of vision and hearing, and? Whether we’re just HIV, can lead to dementia, permanent alterations in gait, it always happens in the HIV neuropathy if left untreated?.


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