Half of adults under 30 years in the U.S. say they have suffered a sunburn at least once in the previous year, according to a government survey in an alarming sign that young people do not follow the warnings about cancer of skin.
The rate of sunburn (sunburn) is approximately 10 years ago, reversing the progress that had been reported only five years ago.
“I see we’re making any progress,” said Dr. Len Lichtenfeld, deputy chief medical officer of the American Cancer Society.
The Center for Disease Control and Disease Prevention released the study, which was based on a survey in 2010 about 5 000 adults aged 18 to 29 years. The report found that the percentage of those who claim to have suffered a sunburn in the previous year fell from 51% in 2000 to 45% in 2005, but rose to 50% in 2010.
Researchers do not know why the figure has risen, said Dr. Marcus Plescia, chief of the Division of Cancer Prevention and Control at the Centre.
Surprisingly, the Center also found an increase since 2005 the number of people who reported using sunscreen or take other measures to protect the skin. But only a third said they regularly used sunscreen. And the increasing rate of burns suggests that many people do not apply or reapply it in sufficient quantity, according to some experts believe.
The Center also released the results of surveys of those who use tanning beds, tanning booths or sunlamps and Lichtenfeld said amazed by the numbers.
6% of adults reported having undergone artificial tanning in the previous year. The rates were much higher in white girls: 32% of white women 18 to 21 years had done the same, and almost the same percentage of white 22 to 25.
A similar survey in 2005 found that 27% of girls had been tanning.
The twenties said they had gone to tanning sessions over 20 times in the previous year, on average.
And another surprise: up to 13% of women with a family history of skin cancer had.
In 2009, the World Health Organization classified tanning devices as carcinogens. He based this assertion on the analysis of 20 studies found the risk of melanoma increased by 75% in people who began receiving indoor tanning before age 30.
There are about 22 000 tanning salons in the U.S. with 28 million customers, according to IBISWorld, a research firm in the industry.