Bottles and pacifiers in the hands and mouths of children may seem harmless objects, however they are the cause of multiple visits to emergency rooms each year, according to a study.
As reported by the Nationwide Children’s Hospital, four hours a child under three years is treated in an emergency room because of an injury related to the use of bottles, pacifiers and cups cover (“sippy cups”).
“Previous reports have focused mainly on babies. However, we found that about two thirds of the lesions examined in our study were among children under one year of age who are just learning to walk and are more likely to fall,” said Sarah Keim, author of the report and a researcher at Nationwide Children’s Hospital in Columbus, Ohio.
The report, which was published in the online version of Pediatrics in June, found that 86% of injuries occurred while children ran or walked with the object in the mouth and that 70% resulted in a laceration.
“Because it has been very little research in this area, many parents may not think about the risk of injury with these products,” said Keim, who is also professor at Ohio State University College of Medicine.
This is the first study evaluating a representative U.S. sample of injuries associated with these products that were treated in emergency rooms in the country.
According to the study by the Center for Biobehavioral Health and Center for Injury Research and Policy of Nationwide Children’s Hospital, who examined injuries recorded between 1991 and 2010 at least 45 000 398 children under three were treated for this cause in the U.S. .
The researchers said the bottles as the leading cause of injury in children with 65.8%, followed by 19.9% pacifiers.
Both the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) recommend moving from the bottle without cover to vessels where the child is 12 months to prevent accidents and promote healthier eating habits.
“Educating parents and people who are in charge of the children about the importance of helping children to leave these products at the recommended ages for the AAP and the AAPD could prevent up to 80% of injuries related to bottles , pacifiers and cups cover (sippy cups), “said the researcher.
It also recommends Keim accustom children from an early age to make their drinks while seated to prevent such injuries.
The expert also advised to help small to stop using the pacifier from six months to avoid accidents with these once you start walking.
The report compiled data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System(Neiss, for its acronym in English) which is operated by the Consumer Product Safety Commission U.S..