Disease name and synonyms
Acne is a common inflammatory disease of the pilosebaceous glands. Popularly known as pimples, blackheads and pimples and is known also as:
It is caused by a blockage of the hair follicle, with the consequent formation of comedones, composed of sebum, keratin and microorganisms, especially bacteria Propionibacterium acnes. Substances with enzymatic power of these bacteria break down sebum triglycerides to free fatty acids, which irritate the follicular wall causing inflammation.
It usually begins at puberty, because the increase of androgens (male hormones) causes the sebaceous glands to increase their size and activity. Inflammatory acne lesions include papules, pustules and nodules or cysts and are located mainly on the face, chest and back. Noninflammatory lesions include open or closed comedones (whiteheads or black).
The retention of sebaceous secretions and dilation of the hair can cause the formation of a cyst that tends to produce an abscess. These abscesses heal leaving a scar on the most serious cases. Acne usually subsides spontaneously, but can not predict when.
Treatment depends on the severity of injuries:
Acne superficial lesions Although washing several times a day has no effect, improves greasy face. You can use any good soap, not making a profit from the use of antibacterial soaps.
In superficial pustular acne treatment is the most useful topical clindamycin or erythromycin alone or associated with any of the medications listed below.
• The topical tretinoin (retinoic acid). These retinoids should be applied with care and at night (every other day if excessive irritation occurs), once on the entire affected area. It is necessary to avoid the application on the eyes, nasolabial folds and the corners of the lips. The liquid form of Tretinoin should be applied with a swab with the cotton tip. Avoid the use of drugs and exposure to the sun to avoid irritation. The acne may get worse at the beginning of its implementation and improvement is not usually seen until 3 or 4 weeks.
• Other topical agents include benzoyl peroxide, and various compounds of resorcinol-sulfur, which is usually applied twice daily or a compound one night and morning.
• Oral antibiotics may be useful in superficial pustular acne.
Deep acne: You need aggressive treatment to reduce scarring. Topical treatment of severe deep lesions is of little use, the broad-spectrum oral antibiotics are often effective because they reduce bacterial organisms.
The dermabrasion for acne scars small can be useful, but faced controversy over its permanent effect. Your dermatologist is the specialist who can give the best advice to you.
Medical specialty that is
Doctors who specialize in dermatology are health professionals who treat this disease.